Monday, October 3, 2011

Archaeology in Europe

Archaeology in Europe

Prehistoric cave etchings 'created by three-year-olds'

Posted: 03 Oct 2011 09:00 AM PDT

Archaeologist Jessica Cooney told the BBC's David Sillito that the most prolific artist was a five-year-old girl

Prehistoric etchings found in a cave in France are the work of children as young as three, according to research.

The so-called finger flutings were discovered at the Cave of a Hundred Mammoths in Rouffignac, alongside cave art dating back some 13,000 years.

Cambridge University researchers recently developed a method identifying the gender and age of the artists.

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Archaeologists dig test pits at Bannockburn ahead of new battlefield visitor centre

Posted: 03 Oct 2011 08:57 AM PDT

The work to improve the visitor experience and interpretation at one of Scotland's most important historic sites took a step closer today as archaeologists began digging test pits on the site of the proposed new visitor centre at the Bannockburn battlefield site.

Due to open in 2014 in time for the 700th anniversary of the battle, the new centre will enhance the presentation and interpretation of the major clash of arms that saw the armies of Robert the Bruce defeat the English army of Edward II.

The victory in June 1314 paved the way for Scottish independence and strengthened the position of the Bruce as king of Scotland. 

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High resolution 3D Stonehenge model unveiled

Posted: 03 Oct 2011 08:31 AM PDT

Adetailed survey of every stone that makes up Stonehenge using the latest technology, including a new scanner that has never before been used on a heritage project in Britain, has resulted in the most accurate digital model ever produced of the world famous monument.

With resolution level as high as 0.5mm in many areas, every nook and cranny of the stones' surfaces is revealed with utmost clarity, including the lichens, Bronze Age carvings, erosion patterns and Victorian graffiti.
Most surprisingly, initial assessment of the survey has suggested that the 'grooves' resulting from stone dressing on some sarsen stones appear to be divided into sections, perhaps with different teams of Neolithic builders working on separate areas. A first glimpse of the model can now be viewed on the English Heritage website.

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Danish archaeologists discover 300 year old toilets

Posted: 03 Oct 2011 08:29 AM PDT

Construction workers preparing sites across Copenhagen for the new Metro line are making some extraordinary discoveries, the latest being a pair of latrines last used around 300 years ago.

The find beneath Kultorvet Square is providing experts with a chance to study in detail how Copenhagen residents went about their business three centuries ago.

to Politiken, said the soil's low oxygen content meant that the remains were very well preserved. "It smells like rotten eggs," she said. She explained that the smell was extremely encouraging because it means that bacteria had not yet eaten up all the contents of the two outhouses.

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Food archaeologist gives new life to nearly extinct grains, veggies

Posted: 03 Oct 2011 08:28 AM PDT

Gary Nabhan has written stacks of research papers about culture, archaeology and food for academic journals, and has authored at least a dozen books, some meant for popular consumption, others the academic kind whose titles have colons and subtitles that are longer than the main title.

But the gist of his high-minded, dense research is this: People lived here thousands of years ago and they must have eaten something.

To get that something, they didn't go to the supermarket or big-box discount store. They grew and raised their foodstuffs on arid desert lands.

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Loftus royal treasure attracts 28,000 to Redcar museum

Posted: 03 Oct 2011 08:26 AM PDT

A collection of 7th Century treasure found in Loftus has attracted more than 28,000 visitors after being put on display in Redcar.

The artefacts, on display since May, were found between 2005 and 2007 at the only known Anglo-Saxon royal burial site in north-east England.

On show at Kirkleatham Museum, they have been hailed by archaeologists as some of the rarest discovered.

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