Wednesday, September 7, 2011

Archaeology in Europe

Archaeology in Europe

Henry VIII’s Nonsuch Palace rebuilt in miniature

Posted: 07 Sep 2011 05:11 AM PDT

That which no equal has in Art or Fame, Britons deservedly do Nonesuch name', translates the comment of a German visitor to Nonsuch in 1568. Nonsuch Palace in Surrey was the greatest piece of dynastic propaganda erected by the English crown before the 19th century. Built by Henry VIII to rival the palaces of the French King, Francis I, Nonsuch no longer survives as it was demolished by a mistress of King Charles II in 1682-90. However, thanks to research carried out over decades by an Oxford professor, a huge model has been unveiled that provides an accurate recreation of the palace that once symbolised the power and the grandeur of the Tudor dynasty.

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Before They Left Africa, Modern Humans Interbred With Archaic Humans, Reports DNA Study

Posted: 07 Sep 2011 05:06 AM PDT

It has become increasingly clear through DNA studies that modern humans may have interbred with Neanderthals in Eurasia following their migration from their ancestral African homeland. Now, based on new DNA research conducted by a team of scientists from the University of Arizona and the University of California, San Francisco, it seems that modern humans had already established a pattern of mixing it up with their more archaic cousins before they even left their southerly African climes.

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Ancient humans were mixing it up

Posted: 07 Sep 2011 05:04 AM PDT

Anatomically modern humans interbred with more archaic hominin forms even before they migrated out of Africa, a UA-led team of researchers has found.

It is now widely accepted that the species Homo sapiens originated in Africa and eventually spread throughout the world. But did those early humans interbreed with more ancestral forms of the genus Homo, for example Homo erectus, the "upright walking man," Homo habilis, – the "tool-using man" or Homo neanderthalensis, the first artists of cave-painting fame?

Direct studies of ancient DNA from Neanderthal bones suggest interbreeding did occur after anatomically modern humans had migrated from their evolutionary cradle in Africa to the cooler climates of Eurasia, but what had happened in Africa remained a mystery – until now.

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Could this be the oldest pub in Scotland?

Posted: 07 Sep 2011 05:03 AM PDT

A historic site's true purpose may have been revealed - as an Iron Age boozer.

Experts believe that 4600 years ago, thirsty natives may have been enjoying a pie and pint at Jarlshof in Shetland.

They say the layout of the stone settlement near Sumburgh Head suggests it may be the oldest pub ever found in Britain.

And a dozen or so quernstones - for grinding barley - indicate it may have served as both a drinking den and a bakery.

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Model of lost Surrey Tudor palace unveiled

Posted: 07 Sep 2011 05:00 AM PDT

A model of a Surrey palace built by Henry VIII and that once symbolised the power and the grandeur of the Tudor dynasty is to be unveiled.

Nonsuch Palace in Cheam was constructed to rival those of the French King, Francis I.

It was demolished by a mistress of King Charles II in the late 17th century.

Research carried out by an Oxford University professor has now led to a 2.2m by 1.2m (7ft 2in by 3ft 11in) model of the palace being made.

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